Mammography is the x-ray examination of the breasts. It is the most important screening tool for detecting breast cancer. Because it can detect the disease early in its course, it can lower its associated mortality.
During the examination procedure, the breast is compressed so as to spread out the breast tissue. The radiologist looks for abnormalities on the X-ray or mammogram that can reveal a potentially cancerous lesion.
Arthrography is the examination of a joint with x-rays. A dye (contrast medium) may be injected into the joint.
During the procedure, the patient lies down and receives local anesthesia. The radiologist then uses x-rays to guide the needle with which the contrast medium is injected into the joint. Typically, the procedure lasts 15 minutes or less.
Infiltration is a procedure used to inject a drug into a specific part of the body. Cortisone is typically the drug used for infiltration.
Infiltrations can be performed in the physician’s office. However when the drug must be infiltrated into a site that is too deep or difficult to access, the procedure must be carried out by a radiologist using a guiding technique.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive imaging procedure used to produce detailed pictures of the inside of the body with the use of an electromagnetic field and radiofrequency pulses.
In order for this procedure to be carried out, the patient must be placed in an environment where there is a magnetic field.
Ultrasound is a non-invasive and non-irradiating imaging technique used to produce pictures of specific areas inside the body using targeted propagation of sound waves. This exam allows the visualization of organs such as the liver, the spleen, the kidney or the heart. The ultrasound device sends ultrasound waves of different frequencies to the tissues which reflect part of the sound waves back to a special sensor.
Bone densitometry is a 20-minute exam used to measure the bone mass in your body. Your doctor will use the results to help decide on a treatment if you are at risk of bone fracture.
X-rays or radiography is a non-invasive test used to create pictures of the inside of the body with the use of a small dose of radiation. An X-ray exam is a basic diagnostic tool that provides fast results. It is a painless procedure that does not require any preparation.